Truth

What truths are, and what (if anything) makes them true?

The question is commonly dealt with in the domain f logic, philosophy and philosophy of logic. It is also a lot about language.

There are different ways of looking at truth: theories such as correspondence, coherence, and pragmatist all attempting to answer the nature question: what is the nature of truth?

Correspondence Theory

The basic idea of the correspondence theory is that what we believe or say is true if it corresponds to the way things actually are—to the facts.

The correspondence theory of truth is at its core an ontological thesis: a belief is true if there exists an appropriate entity—a fact—to which it corresponds. If there is no such entity, the belief is false - plato.stanford.edu

Coherence Theory

A belief is true if and only if it is part of a coherent system of beliefs. See more on Wikipedia

Pragmatic Theory

Truth is the end of inquiry.

Pragmatic theories of truth developed from the earlier ideas of ancient philosophy, the Scholastics, and Immanuel Kant. Pragmatic ideas about truth are often confused with the quite distinct notions of "logic and inquiry", "judging what is true", and "truth predicates" - Wikipedia

Identity Theory of Truth

The identity theory of truth was influential in the formative years of modern analytic philosophy, and has come to prominence again recently. Broadly speaking, it sees itself as a reaction against correspondence theories of truth, which maintain that Truth-Bearers are made true by facts. The identity theory maintains, against this, that at least some truth-bearers are not made true by, but are identical with, facts.

Ethymology

"faith, faithfulness, fidelity, loyalty; veracity, quality of being true; pledge, covenant," from triewe, treowe "faithful" Old English triewð (West Saxon), treowð (Mercian) with Proto-Germanic abstract noun suffix *-itho see -th

Sense of "something that is true" is first recorded mid-14c. Meaning "accuracy, correctness" is from 1560s. English and most other IE languages do not have a primary verb for for "speak the truth," as a contrast to lie (v.).

Other forked stuff

While many people question the truth of what they read in wiki, I question their understanding of truth itself.

Reads

He we collect the truth, or some aspects of it:

Sixth Patriarch of Zen (638-713 AD) or "Huineng" wikipedia